Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2018, Page: 41-46
Knee Flexion Deformity in Osteoarthritis Assessment: Functional Outcome and Association to Certain Parameters
Uqba Nafea Yousif, Deparmtment of Medicine, Faculty of Rheumatology, Tikrit University, Salahaldin, Iraq
Rayan Mohammad Maree Altaee, Alshikhan General Hospital, Rheumatology Unit, Nenavah Health Directorate, Nenavah, Iraq
Received: Oct. 14, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 26, 2018;       Published: Dec. 20, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.sjcm.20180706.11      View  282      Downloads  45
Abstract
To assess the functional outcome of Knee flexion deformity which was a real complication of 154 joints measured by Plastic goniometer and collected from 81 patients with knee Osteoarthritis as independent cases in this Case-series study. Statistical analyses revealed that the percentage of Flexion deformities higher and increase with age of the patient and there is high significance correlation of flexion deformity and its degree with LYSHOLM Knee Questionnaire Scale altering the normal pattern and the biomechanics of normal knee function and walking.
Keywords
Osteoarthritis, Flexion Deformity, Lysholm Knee Questionnaire
To cite this article
Uqba Nafea Yousif, Rayan Mohammad Maree Altaee, Knee Flexion Deformity in Osteoarthritis Assessment: Functional Outcome and Association to Certain Parameters, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2018, pp. 41-46. doi: 10.11648/j.sjcm.20180706.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Arden N, Nevitt MC (2006). Osteoarthritis Epidemiology. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol; 20 (1): 3-25.
[2]
Doherty M, Ralston SH (2010). Musculoskeletal disease. In: Colledge NR, Walker BR, Ralston SH; Davidson’s principles and Practice of medicine, 21st edition, Churchill livingstone Elsevier: 1083-8.
[3]
Murphy L, Schwartz TA, Helmick CG, Renner JB, Tudor G, Koch G, et al. (2008). Lifetime Risk of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum; 59: 1207-13.
[4]
Vasilevska V, Szeimies U, Samardziski M, Axel Stäbler (2012). Knee Osteoarthritis and Associated Periarticular Conditions: Iliotibial Band Friction and Baker Cyst. In: Osteoarthritis – Diagnosis, Treatment and Surgery; Qian Chen (ed.): 253-64.
[5]
Wilkens P, Scheel IB, Grundnes O, Hellum C, Storheim K (2010). Effect of Glucosamine on Pain-Related Disability in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain and Degenerative Lumbar Osteoarthritis A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA; 304 (1).
[6]
Beary III JF, Luggen ME (2006). Osteoarthritis. In: Paget SA, Gibofsky A, Beary III JF, Sculco TP; Manual of Rheumatology and Outpatient Orthopedic Disorders; 5th Edition. lippncott Williams and Wilkins.
[7]
Woolf AD, Pfleger B (2003). Burden of Major Musculoskeletal Conditions. Bulletin of the World Health Organization; 81: 646-56.
[8]
Mahajan A, Tandon V, Verma S, Sharma S (2005-a). Osteoarthritis and Menopause. Review Article J Indian Rheumatol Assoc; 13: 21-5.
[9]
Lane NE, Schnitzer TJ (2007). Osteoarthritis. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI ed.; Goldman’s Cecil Medicine, 23rd Ed.
[10]
Zhang W, Nuki G, Moskowitz RW, Abramson S, Altman RD, Arden NK, et al. (2010). OARSI Recommendations for The Management of Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage; 18: 476-99.
[11]
Chang A, Hayes K, Dunlop D, Hurwitz D, Song J, Cahue S, et al. (2004). Thrust during ambulation and the progression of knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum; 50: 3897-903.
[12]
Sharma L, Song J, Dunlop D, Felson D, Lewis CE, Segal N, et al. (2010). Varus and Valgus Alignment and Incident and Progressive Knee Osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis; 69: 1940-5.
[13]
El-Sebaii M, Wafa M, El-Husseini T (1999). Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty for Rheumatoid Arthritis with Sever Flexion Deformity. Pan Arab J Orth Traum; 3 (1).
[14]
Gallie P A M, Davis E T, Macgroarty K, Waddell J P, Schemitsch E H (2010). Computer-Assisted Navigation for the Assessment of Fixed Flexion in Knee Arthroplasty. Can J Surg; 53 (1).
[15]
Hochberg MC (2008). Mortality in Osteoarthritis. Rheumatol; 26 (51); 120-4.
[16]
Peat G, Duncan R C, Wood L RJ, Thomas E, Muller S (2012). Clinical Feature of Symptomatic Patellofemoral Joint Osteoarthritis. Arthritis Research and Therapy; 14 (63): 1-10.
[17]
Waugh W, Newton G, Tew M (1980). Articular Changes Associated with A Flexion Deformity in Rheumatoid and Osteoarthritic Knees. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery; 62 (B): 180-3.
[18]
Tew M, Forster IW (1987). Effect of Knee Replacement on Flexion Deformity. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery; 69-B (3).
[19]
MacWilliams BA, Harjinder B, Stevens PM (2011). Guided Growth for Correction of Knee Flexion Deformity: A Series of Four Cases. Springer; Strat Traum Limb Recon; 6: 83-90.
[20]
Klippel JH, Stone JH, Crofford LJ, White PH (2008). Appendix I: Criteria for Classification of Osteoarthritis (OA) of The Knee. In: Primer on The Rheumatic Diseases. Springer; Bostan: 674.
[21]
Janssen I, Katzmarzyk PT, Ross R (2004). Waist Circumference and Not Body Mass Index Explains Obesity Related Health Risk. Am J Clin Nutr; 79: 379-84.
[22]
Kocher MS, Steadman JR, Briggs KK, Sterett WI, Hawkins RJ (2004). Reliability, Validity and Responsiveness of The Lysholm Knee Scale for Various Chondral Disorders of The Knee. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery; 86 (6): 1139-45.
[23]
Creamer P, Lethbridge-Cejku M, Hochberg MC (2000). Factors Associated with Functional Impairment in Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis. British Society for Rheumatology; 39 (5): 490-6.
[24]
Petterson SC, Raisis L, Bodenstab A, Snyder-Mackler L (2007). Disease-Specific Gender Differences Among Total Knee Arthroplasty Candidates. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 89: 2327-33.
[25]
Maly MR, Costigan PA, Olney SJ (2008). Mechanical Factors Relate to Pain in Knee Osteoarthritis. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon); 23: 796-805.
[26]
Macdonald SJ, Charron KD, Bourne RB, Naudie DD, McCalden RW, Rorabeck CH (2008). Gender-Specific Total Knee Replacement: Prospectively Collected Clinical Outcomes. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 466: 2612-6.
[27]
Ritter MA, Wing JT, Berend ME, Davis KE, Meding JB (2008). The Clinical Effect of Gender on Outcome of Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty; 23: 331-6.
[28]
Cho HJ, Chang CB, Yoo JH, Kim SJ, Kim TK (2010). Gender Differences in The Correlation Between Symptom and Radiographic Severity in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 468: 1749-58.
[29]
Felson DT (2006). Osteoarthritis of the knee. N Engl j Med; 354 (8): 841-8.
[30]
Tan JC, LeeMHM (2006). Gait Aids and Gait Patterns. In: Practical Manual of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (2nd. Edition).
[31]
Brouwer GM, Tol AWV, Bergink AP, Belo JN, Bernsen RMD, Reijman M, Pols HAP, and Bierma-Zeinstra SMA (2007). Association Between Valgus and Varus Alignment and The Development and Progression of Radiographic Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Arthritis and Rheumatism; 56 (4): 1204-11.
[32]
Thompson NW, Mockford BJ, Beverland DE (2005). Effect of Flexion Deformity on Range of Motion Following Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Br; 87-B (2): 156.
Browse journals by subject